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About Tajikistan

Please look to the map of Tajikistan. Tajikistan is situated in southeast of Central Asia, on the latitude of Greece and south regions of Italy and Spain. Form west to east the territory of the Republic is draw out to 700 kilometers and from north to south is 350 km. The territory of Tajikistan is 143,1 thousand square km. 93% of all territory is mountains, ingoing to of Pamir, Tan-Shan and Pamir-Alay systems. The height of peaks by name of Somoni (Communism), Korjanevskaya, Lenin and Dushanbe is more than 7 000 meters above sea level.

Tajikistan is the land of unlimited opportunities for tourists, alpinists and mountain-skiers. Several high and powerful mountain ridges cut the territory of the Republic. Fan Mountains have the most popularity, located between Turkestan and Gissar mountain ridge.

There are more than 300 sunny days and one can travel not only in summer but in spring and autumn also. But winter - is the fine time for mountain-ski sport.
It's difficult to say when first people are appeared in the territory of Tajikistan, as the most ancient steps of their life are not kept. It is well known that 150 thousand years ago people populated part of the territory of Tajikistan.
During historical development the territory of modern Tajikistan became the place of fierce battles with foreign aggressor beginning from the forces of Alexander Macedon and ending with hordes of Chingis-Khan.
The borders of modern Tajikistan are fixed in 1929. Tajikistan has 6 million of different ethnic nationalities. In the same time Tajik people consist 70% of population. There are 90 other nationalities are living in Tajikistan. Among them Uzbeks, Russians, Tatars, Kyrgyz, Ukrainian, Byelorussian, German and others.
The republic of Tajikistan is sovereign and rightful, democratic state. The head of the republic is president.
State languages are Tajik, Russian.

About Dushanbe. The capital of Tajikistan Dushanbe is appeared on the map only in 1924. Till 1924 there were 3 villages, one of them with name - Dushanbe, which translated from Tajik as "Monday"- just in this day there was bazaar day. In that time the population of Tajikistan was not more than 300 people, but nevertheless it was declared as capital.

The modern Dushanbe - is the town with many-storied houses and with the population more than 1 million. The town is situated on the both sides of Varzob River. The middle height of town is about 800 meters above sea level.